Tapering swimming

Tapering swimming TrainingThe tapering strategy used by many swimmers to opti­mize competition performance has been defined as "a progressive non-linear reduction of the training load during a variable period of time, in an attempt to reduce the physiological and psychological stress of daily training and optimize sports performance" (Mujika & Padilla 2000). The aim of the taper be­fore the main competitions of the season is to elicit substantial improvements in performance. These per­formance gains have been variously attributed to in­creased levels of muscular force and power (Trappe et al. 2000), and improvements in neuromuscular, hematological, and hormonal function, and/or the psychological status of the swimmer (Mujika & Padilla 2000).

The main features of the taper include a sys­tematic 3-4 week reduction in training volume, on­going aerobic work to maintain basic fitness and de­velop race fitness, and fine tuning of race pace and pacing strategies through use of descending sets, bro­ken swims, and time trials. Training volume is gradu­ally reduced reaching about 20% of the peak weekly mileage at the time of competition. The conventional wisdom in the swimming community holds that male and sprint swimmers generally require a longer taper than female and distance swimmers respectively.

A study of the taper of swimmers competing at the 2000 Olympic Games revealed a mean performance improvement of 2.2 ± 1.5% (range -1.1 to 6.0%) over the final 3 weeks of training (Mujika etal. 2002). A total of 91 out of the 99 analyzed performances were faster at the Olympic Games after the taper and only 8 were slower. The percentage improvement in performance time was greater in the males (2.6 ± 1.5%) (mean standard deviation) than the females (1.8 ± 1.5%). The improvement of -2% in performance with the taper similar for all Olympic events and was achieved by swimmers from different countries and perfor­mance levels. This information provides a quantitative framework for coaches and swimmers to set realistic performance goals based on individual performance levels.

Plus dans cette catégorie : « Recovery swimming Early season swimming »
  • DEVELOPMENT OF BASIC AND SPECIAL ENDURANCE IN AGE-GROUP SWIMMERS
    DEVELOPMENT OF BASIC AND SPECIAL ENDURANCE IN AGE-GROUP SWIMMERS DEVELOPMENT OF BASIC AND SPECIAL ENDURANCE IN AGE-GROUP SWIMMERS A RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE   Multi-year Training (MYT) is necessary to achieve top international level performances in competitive swimming. The ultimate goal of MYT is the optimal development of motor abilities, functional…
  • Abdominaux, musculation & natation
    Abdominaux, musculation & natation Renforcement de la ceinture abdominale ‘’…Il est primordiale pour tout sportif de renforcer sa ceinture abdominale… ‘’ Pour que le corps du nageur se déplace efficacement dans l'eau, il doit coordonner les mouvements de ses bras et de ses jambes.…
  • Muscler le dos : Renforcement musculaire du nageur
    Muscler le dos : Renforcement musculaire du nageur Renforcement musculaire du dos Le grand dorsal et le groupe musculaire des érecteurs du rachis sont les deux principales cibles des exercices pour le dos. Muscle propulseur de l'humérus, le grand dorsal est le principal moteur des membres supérieurs, générateur…
  • Swimming : -TOP DRILLS FOR BREASTSTROKE
    Swimming : -TOP DRILLS FOR BREASTSTROKE BODY POSITION DRILLS Because drag is an inherent part of the breaststroke, achieving excellent body position is essential in maximizing the forward motion of the stroke. Like freestyle and backstroke, the core is the center of power, but in breaststroke,…
  • Swimming : -TOP DRILLS FOR BACKSTROKE
    Swimming : -TOP DRILLS FOR BACKSTROKE BODY POSITION DRILLS Learning to float well on the back is the first step in being comfortable with the backstroke. Good spinal alignment and core tension not only improve comfort on the back, but can also contribute to an effective…
  • Swimming : -TOP DRILLS FOR FREESTYLE
    Swimming : -TOP DRILLS FOR FREESTYLE BODY POSITION DRILLS An efficient freestyle is built on good body position. The way we float in the water is affected by our core tension. For a better freestyle, we must learn to shift weight forward, and achieve a downhill…


Conseils articles dossiers programme plans d'entraînement séances